As mentioned in an article on Wikipedia (Agriculture, 2008), agricultural progress has been the most important factor which leads to humans’ civilization. The ability to produce their own food by planting and rearing their own animals allows humans not to move around so that they can create their own civilization. The world has progressed in such a rapid manner that traditional agriculture has aggressively been replaced by modern agricultural approaches and methods. To compare, there are several distinctions between the traditional and modern agriculture.
The most significant difference between conventional agriculture and modern agriculture is the technology aspect. During the old days, agricultural technology was not well developed compared to now. People did not use any machinery to farm their land. Today, with modern technology a lot of equipment and different types of machinery have been developed to assist farming. Instead of the traditional method of using hoe or buffaloes to plough the land, tractors and other heavy machinery which are much more efficient replaced those animals (
Another aspect of dissimilarity between traditional and modern farming is the purpose. In the old days, farmers worked on their land to produce crops for their own domestic use. They tended to plant a variety of crops so that they became self-sufficient. Later, farmers practiced the barter system. By doing so, they are able to exchange the agricultural products with other farmers. In modern times, agricultural products have become a very important part in business. A lot of products are produced on a large scale to be sold locally or for export (Comparison of Traditional and Modern Agriculture, n.d). Normally farmers concentrate on a single crop so that they can specialise in producing it. Agricultural products too have become commodities that are traded at the stock market. Palm oil, cocoa and sugar are some of the examples.
In terms of harming the environment, the modern agricultural methods are more harmful than the traditional methods. Traditional farmers utilised animal waste as the plant fertilizer which caused no harm to the environment. On the other hand, modern agriculture uses chemical pesticides and fertilizer which has resulted in soil and water pollution (
To conclude, modern agriculture differ from traditional agriculture in terms of the technology being adopted, the purpose of agriculture and also the effects agriculture have on the ecosystem as well as on humans. Even though many countries are moving forward towards modern agricultural approaches because of higher productivity compared to the traditional approaches, nevertheless, there are certain factors that need to be considered (Mathias, 2001). For the quest of a bountiful harvest and monetary gains, the environment and mother earth should not be neglected.
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